Etna Rosso 'San Lorenzo', Terre Nere
- 98% Nerello mascalese, 2% Nerello cappuccio
- Production area: contrada San Lorenzo, township of Randazzo (Catania)
- Extension of the vineyard: 8 ha 5 tons/ha
- Volcanic soil, quite deep and with a small presence of stones
- Exposure: Northern slope of the Mount Etna, 700-750 meters a.s.l.
- 50 – 100-year-old vines
- Harvested in the first ten days of October
- Vinification: alcoholic fermentation under controlled temperature (28-30° C)
- Aging: spontaneous malolactic fermentation and aging in French oak barriques, tonneaux.
- Bottling after 16-18 months of wood aging and 1 month in steel.
- Annual production: 9.400 bottles (0,75 l)
The Etna Rosso San Lorenzo is from 4 hectares of vineyards in the same named district in the town of Randazzo. The vines are more than 70 years old and the altitude is 750 meters above sea level, the soil is almost pure volcanic sand. The estimated production is about 60 hl.
The terroir in contrada San Lorenzo is originated by lava flows and volcanoclastic deposits related to the explosive activity of the the Ellittico eruptive center, which dates back from 60,000 to 15,000 years ago. Although very young by geological standards, the soils from the Ellittico eruption are the oldest superficial strata in which one may plant on Etna. The reason is simple: millennia of lava flows have buried all older soils, leaving, in fact, only very small and rare parcels of Ellittico soils. On the northern slopes of Etna there are four or five Contrade that have terroir from the Ellittico. Three, however, have mixed soils, blending soil from Ellittico of igneous nature with alluvial soils of sedimentary nature due to the overflowing of the Alcantara river. Only two Contrade out of hundreds and hundreds are “pure” terroir Ellittico: Calderara and San Lorenzo.
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